Cabral, Amilcar

Cabral, Amilcar
   Cabral was a Guinea–Cape Verdean revolutionary who led the Partido Africano da Indepêndencia da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) from 1959 until his death in 1973. He led the struggle against the Portuguese colonists, a struggle that brought about independence for Guinea-Bissau in 1974 and for the Cape Verde islands in 1975. He applied Marxism in a nondogmatic way, acknowledging the vital role of the colonial petty bourgeoisie in leading the proletariat and peasantry to national liberation. Cabral oversaw the political mobilization of the peasants, the training of party cadres, the prosecution of a politically led guerrilla warfare, and the reconstruction of liberated Guinea (about 60 percent of the country when he died) including the holding of democratic elections in 1972. He advocated gradual rural development toward self-sufficiency in food, and a very slow industrialization, with links maintained to the capitalist world after independence. Cabral opposed any kind of coerced collectivization in agriculture and his overall approach was characterized by pragmatism and moderation. He rejected notions of a common black or African culture and stressed specific conditions over generalized theories. Cabral was assassinated in January 1973 before the full independence he sought was achieved.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Cabral, Amílcar — born 1921, Bafata, Portuguese Guinea died Jan. 20, 1973, Conakry, Guinea Guinean nationalist politician. In 1956 he founded the Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde, which in 1962 began a war of liberation against Portuguese… …   Universalium

  • Cabral, Amílcar — (1921, Bafatá, Guinea Portuguesa–20 ene. 1973, Conakry, Guinea). Político nacionalista de Guinea. En 1956 fundó el Partido Africano para la Independencia de Guinea y Cabo Verde (PAIGC), el cual dio inicio en 1962 a una guerra de liberación contra …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Amilcar Cabral — Amílcar Cabral auf einer DDR Briefmarke Amílcar Cabral (* 12. September 1924 in Bafatá, Guinea Bissau; † 20. Januar 1973 in Conakry Guinea) war ein kap verdischer Politiker und Unabhängigkeitskämpfer. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Amilcar Cabral International Airport — Amilcar Cabral International Airport …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cabral — (Amilcar) (1921 1973) homme polit. bissau guinéen. Fondateur (1956) du parti africain pour l indép. de la Guinée portugaise et des îles du Cap Vert (P.A.I.G.C.), il dirigea, à partir de 1959, la lutte armée contre le pouvoir portugais. Ses textes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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